Documented Health Risks of Glyphosate

Antibiotic Resistance

Kurenbach, B., et al. (2015).  Sublethal Exposure to Commercial Formulations of the Herbicides Dicamba, 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid, and Glyphosate Cause Changes in Antibiotic Susceptibility in Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium.  mBio 6(2):e00009-15.

Birth Defects

Antoniou, M., et al. (2011).  Roundup and birth defects: Is the public being kept in the dark?  Earth Open Source

Antoniou M., et al. (2012).  Teratogenic Effects of Glyphosate-Based Herbicides: Divergence of Regulatory Decisions from Scientific Evidence.   Journal of Environmental &  Analytical Toxicology S4:006.

Kruger, M., et al. (2014).  Detection of Glyphosate in Malformed Piglets.  Environmental & Analytical Toxicology 2014, 4:5.


Thongprakaisang, S., et al. (2013).  Glyphosate induces human breast cancer cells growth via estrogen receptors.  Food and Chemical Toxicology 59 (2013) 129-136.

World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), (2015).  IARC Monographs Volume 112.

Damage to Gut Microbiome

Samsel, A. & Seneff, S. (2013).  Glyphosate’s Suppression of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes and Amino Acid Biosynthesis by the Gut Microbiome: Pathways to Modern Diseases.  Entropy ISSN 1099-4300.

Endocrine Disruption

Young, F. Ho, D., Glynn, D., & Edwards, V., (2015).  Endocrine disruption and cytotoxicity of glyphosate and roundup in human JAr cells in vitro.  Integrative Pharmacology, Toxicology and Genotoxicology


Romano, M., et al. (2011).  Glyphosate impairs male offspring reproductive development by disrupting gonadotropin expression.  Reproductive Toxicology

Kidney Disease

Jayasumana, C., Gunatilake, S., & Senanayake, P. (2014).   Glyphosate, Hard Water and Nephrotoxic Metals: Are They the Culprits Behind the Epidemic of Chronic Kidney Disease of

Unknown Etiology in Sri Lanka?  International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ISSN 1660-4601.

Neurodegenerative Disease (e.g. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s)

Cattani, D., et al. (2014).  Mechanisms underlying the neurotoxicity induced by glyphosate-based herbicide in immature rat hippocampus:  Involvement of glutamate excitotoxicity.  Toxicology 320 (2014) 34-45.